## Need help? Have a question?

Hello, I’m Tim Newton – Call me anytime with questions or to discuss your PaverBase project: 813-431-8259.

## Project Calculators

### New Patio & Walkway Project

Replacing Grass or Dirt

### Concrete Overlay

Without Expanding Project Size

### Concrete Overlay

With Expanding Project Size

### Natural Flagstone

Different Thickness Stones

### Free Standing Walls

Free Standing and Built on Patios and Walkways, Short Sitting Walls, Pillars, Benches and Grills

### Sport Courts

Basketball, Tennis, Pickleball, Bocci Ball and More

### Artificial Turf & Putting Greens

Replacing Grass or Dirt

Length x Width = Total Sq. Ft.

150 Sq Ft Project Area Example

## Calculations Step-by-Step

Instructions and formula for calculating project area, materials along with helpful items checklist

### Step 1: Calculate Project Square Feet

## The paving stone you select may modify the size of your project

(Example project below based on 150 sq. ft. area)

Length | 10 |

Width | 15 |

Project Sq. Ft. (Length x Width) | 150 |

### How Many Pieces Do I Need To Buy?

## Step 2: PaverBase Panels

### Equals 4″ of compacted base (replaces bag base)

(Project sq. ft. ÷ sq. ft. of panel = total number of panels – see example below)

Project Sq. Ft. | Sq. Ft. Panel | # Panels | |

Lowe’s & Menards Panel | 150 divided by (÷) | 6 | equals (=) 25 |

Home Depot Panel | 150 divided by (÷) | 5 | equals (=) 30 |

## Step 3: All Purpose Sand*

### *Also called leveling sand, paver sand and step-2 sand

### Only need 1/2″ with panels – max sand you can use is 1″ sand

(Project sq. ft. ÷ cu. ft. of sand = total number of bags – see example below)

Different Names of Sand by Region | Project Sq. Ft. | 1/2 Cu. Ft. | # Bags (for 1/2″ of sand) |

*Leveling Sand, Paver Sand, All Purpose Sand & Step 2 Sand | 150 divided by (÷) | 12 | equals (=) 12.5 |

Project Sq. Ft. | 3/4 Cu. Ft. | # Bags (for 3/4″ of sand) | |

150 divided by (÷) | 9 | equals (=) 16.7 | |

Project Sq. Ft. | 1″ Cu. Ft. (Max) | # Bags (for 1″ of sand) | |

150 divided by (÷) | 6 | equals (=) 25.0 |

Important Note: Never use play sand. Must use fabric to hold in sand.

##### TIM’S TIP:

Lay extra fabric on the sides and low end of your project area. After laying your stones, fold the fabric up and then place the edge restraints. This will ensure sand will not leech out in time.

## Step 4: Landscape Fabric

### Use 20 yr to 30 yr or lifetime warranty type, only purpose is to hold in the sand

(Project sq. ft. ÷ size of fabric roll = total amount of rolls – see example below)

Project Sq. Ft. | Size of Fabric Roll | # Rolls |

150 | 150 | 1 |

## Step 5: Patio Stones, Pavers, Flagstones, Porcelain Tiles, Sport Courts, Rubber, Turf

### Select Paving Stone Size (All Sizes Are Nominal)

(Project sq. ft. ÷ stones sq. ft. = total number of paving stones – see example below)

Calculate How Many – “Patio Stones” |
|||

Project Sq. Ft. | Stones Sq. Ft. | # Paving Stones | 5% additional for Breakage |

150 divided by (÷) | 1.78 | equals (=) 84.3 | 88.5 |

Calculate How Many – “Pavers” |
|||

Project Sq. Ft. | Stones Sq. Ft. | # Paving Stones | 5% additional for Breakage |

150 multiplied by (x) | 4.5 | equals (=) 675 | 708.8 |

### Paving Stone Size not listed?

Calculate Paving Stone Sq. In. & Sq. Ft. |
|||

Stone Length | Stone Width | Total Sq. In. | Sq. Ft. |

24 multiplied by (x) | 36 | equals (=) 864 | or equals (=) 6 |

*Note: Calculation is estimated

### Patio Stone and Paver Calculator

Patio Stone Sizes* | Sq. Ft. Per Stone* | Patio Stone Sizes* | Sq. Ft. Per Stone* | “Paver” Sizes* | # Pavers Per Sq. Ft.* |

Squares | Approx | Rectangles | Approx | Nominal | Approx |

10 x 10 | .69 | 6 x 8 | .31 | 3 x 6 | 7.93 |

11 x 11 | .84 | 6 x 18 | .75 | 4 x 7 | 4.5 |

12 x 12 | .97 | 7 x 11 | .39 | 4 x 8 | 4.5 |

14 x 14 | 1.32 | 10 x 15 | 1.22 | 5 x 8 | 3.2 |

16 x 16 | 1.78 | 11 x 13 | 1.0 | 5 x 10 | 1.94 |

18 x 18 | 2.18 | 11 x 15 | 1.0 | 6 x 6 | 4.0 |

20 x 20 | 2.78 | 12 x 15 | 1.3 | 6 x 9 | 2.7 |

24 x 24 | 3.26 | 12 x 18 | 1.0 | 7 x 7 | .33 |

36 x 36 | 8.99 | 15 x 18 | 1.5 | 7 x 14 | 1.89 |

15 x 21 | 1.0 | 8.5 x 8.5 | 2.65 | ||

Sandstone | 1.78 | 16 x 21 | 1.0 | 8 x 12 | .67 |

16 x 24 | 2.58 | 9 x 12 | .75 | ||

24 x 36 | 6.0 | 14 x 21 | 2.04 |

*Note: Calculation is estimated

## Step 6: Edgers and Walls

### Select stone width/size below*

(Project length ÷ unit or linear. ft. = total number of edgers or walls – see example below)

Calculate How Many – “Edgers” & “Walls” |
||

Project Length | Unit or Linear Ft. | # Edgers or Walls |

25 divided by (÷) | 1.33 | equals (=) 18.8 |

For Walls |
||

# Wall Units | # Courses High | Total Wall Units |

19 multiplied by (x) | 4 | equals (=) 76 |

Edger/ Wall Width | Linear Ft. (Nominal) | |

6 | .5 | |

8 | .67 | |

9 | .75 | |

10 | .83 | |

11 | .91 | |

12 metric/inch | .97 or 1.0 | |

16 | 1.33 | |

17 | 1.42 | |

18 | 1.50 | |

24 | 2.00 |

*Note: All sizes are nominal

## Step 7: Edge Restraints and Spikes

### For unsupported sides – There are 2 edge restraint sizes: 6′ or 8′

Project Linear Ft. | Edge Restraint Length | # Edge Restraints |

35 divided by (÷) | 6 | equals (=) 5.8 |

# Of Edge Restraints | # Spikes Per Edge Restraint | # Spikes |

5.8 multiplied (x) | 6 | equals (=) 35 |

*Note: Calculation is estimated

## Other products you may need:

Gloves

Safety Glasses

Tape Measuer

Wooden or Metal Stakes

Nylon String

String Level

Carpenter Level

Rubber Mallet

Wheel Barrow

Shovel

Metal Rake

Hand Tamper

Broom

Plate Compactor (Large Jobs)

2 1/2″ Rebar Pipes

2 x 4 x 6 Screed board

Masonry Saw (if need to cut stones)

Masonry Chisel (To split retaining walls)

Small Sledge

Spray paint – to mark project area